In recent years, products have multiplied to take care of the scalp, that skin that covers the head and from which the hair is born. More and more brands encourage you to take care of the scalp as if it were the face (it is known as hair ‘skinification’), that is, with good hygiene, hydration, exfoliation … Then, using a shampoo and a conditioner or mask is no longer enough to have a perfect mane and experts say so.
Fernando Lajara Navarro, hair surgeon at Hospital Capilar, points out that “scalp care becomes an obligation if we talk about hair health. The scalp acts as a physical barrier protection and in it are the hair follicles, the place where the hair is born and which ensures its growth. A good scalp health it is the main basis for healthy hair ”.
For its part, Sol Santos, technical manager of Tanino Therapy Spain, assures that “when washing is carried out, it is not only the hair that must be sanitized but the scalp. It is head skin the one that really gets saturated, dirty, accumulates perspiration and clogs causing a tallow sometimes uncontrolled, or the dehydration due to the loss of the hydrolipidic mantle appearing itchys, flaked particles, tension, hair loss and weakness. All this is reflected in the capillary length, in the lack of brillianceor, in a more weakened mane, prone to breakage, split ends and a frizzy excessive”.
What problems can the scalp suffer?
Dr. Fernando Lajara comments that «the problems that the scalp can suffer are very varied. In most cases they do not usually lead to alopecia, but sometimes it can trigger a telogen effluvium (alteration of the hair growth cycle that causes a sudden and diffuse fall of it, but reversible) ». Among the affections of the scalp the expert cites «the psoriasis, the seborrheic dermatitis, or dermatitis atopic, among other”.
On the other hand, the scalp imbalance also results in an extremely fatty, due to an excessive production of sebum, something common in adolescence, mainly, and in adulthood, normally associated with hormonal problems. Or in a dry scalp, which involves itching, irritation, tightness and even flaking. And also on a scalp with dandruff, a condition that is especially bothersome due to the white or yellowish scales, which can be very unsightly.
How to take care of the scalp?
The essential cares are hygiene and hydration. In this sense, when it comes to choose the shampoo, according to Dr. Fernando Lajara «you have to prioritize the scalp, since a good health of this affects the health of the hair. It is recommended to wash with a frequent use shampoo that helps to control and stabilize the pH of the hydrolipidic mantle. Faced with other hair problems such as dandruff or grease, you have to use a treatment shampoo regulating the correct functionality of the sebaceous gland, in addition to improving the hydration of the scalp. The washes should be carried out according to the needs of each person, demystifying that it is not a good practice to wash the hair daily.
More and more experts advise using two shampoos at the time of washing, one for cleanse the scalp (according to your needs: greasy, dry, irritated, with dandruff …), and another for the hair (also according to your needs: dyed, blonde, curly …).
To hydrate the scalp it is recommended to massage it with a hair oil, a care that, in addition to hydration itself, «improves blood supply of the scalp favoring the necessary contribution to maintain good capillary health “, according to the capillary surgeon at Hospital Capilar. It is advisable to massage the scalp at least once a week, before washing.
Along with hygiene and hydration, there is a third care for the scalp: the exfoliation. “The objective is free the follicle of all debris that can obstruct it and hinder its oxygenation, guaranteeing a good anchorage “, he comments. Miriam quevedo, an expert in beauty and creator of the hair line that bears her name. The exfoliation could also be done one day a week or every 15 days, depending on the type of scalp. As in the case of facial skin, do not overdo it.
5 tips to maintain the health of the scalp and hair
1- Wash it frequently, according to your needs and with a shampoo appropriate to its nature, to prevent dirt from accumulating. Use lukewarm water.
2- Avoid excessive heat hair dryer and other styling tools such as flat irons or curlers.
3- Avoid too tight hairstyles and detangle the hair with the mask or conditioner on to avoid pulling.
4- Perform hair massage to promote circulation and eliminate tension.
5- In addition, the scalp can also suffer when it exists stress or nutritional deficienciesSo it is advisable to eat a balanced and varied diet and avoid stress whenever possible.