The Russian vaccine was one of the first to be used on a massive scale. Which countries have adopted it and how is it being applied?
The goal of returning to normality in 2021 depends a lot on achieving immunize against coronavirus to as many people as possible. Faced with this, governments around the world seek to close agreements with developers of vaccines against the coronavirus.
Sputnik V, Russian formula developed by the Gamaleya National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology, is one of the vaccines that is being distributed in several countries, among which is Argentina.
According to the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) on Tuesday, the Russian vaccine that has a 91.4% effectiveness, has already been received by 1.5 million people around the world. Arseni Palaguin, RDIF spokesperson, confirmed this figure to the AFP agency, but did not detail the distribution of immunized people by country. “We cannot say how many received it in Russia and how many in the rest of the world,” he said.
But last week, the Russian Minister of Health, Mikhail Murashko, claimed 800,000 Russians were vaccinated against Covid-19 and that 1.5 million doses were distributed in the country. At the same time, Gintsburg, director of the Gamaleya Institute, said that they were administered around 100,000 vaccines every day, although he did not give exact figures.
In addition, the official Twitter account of the Russian vaccine published: “More than a million people in Russia have already been vaccinated with Sputnik V“.
Over 1.5 million people have already been vaccinated with Sputnik V as part of the mass scale vaccination in Russia. Watch this video to find out how #SputnikV works and why it’s effective. pic.twitter.com/oNJ1pA5QS4
– Sputnik V (@sputnikvaccine) January 11, 2021
With this formula, Russia became the first country to register a vaccine last August. Winning the race your western competitors.
At present, Russia faces a second wave of infectionsBut, despite the mortality rate, the authorities reject a new confinement at the national level. The vaccination campaign started in December.
Since the beginning of the pandemic, 3.42 million people have been infected in Russia, of which 62,000 lost their lives, according to official statistics, which only take into account deaths from Covid-19 as a direct cause and confirmed by an autopsy.
According to figures based on a broader definition of the causes of death, some 186,000 people have died as a result of covid-19 in Russia.
Countries that use Sputnik V
As of today, the other countries that have already concluded an agreement with the Russian vaccine, in addition to Argentina, and that they began to vaccinate their citizens with Sputnik V are Guinea, Serbia and Belarus.
They begin to add to the list Bolivia, Algeria and the Palestinian National Authority that they authorized it to use emergency and they wait for the first batches to start vaccination.
Although the government of Bolivia signed on December 30, an agreement with Russia to receive before May 5.2 million doses of the Sputnik V vaccine to immunize the Bolivian population against the coronavirus, although only 6,000 doses are expected to arrive in January.
On the other hand, Brazil will begin to develop the vaccine from January 15, although all its production will be sent to the rest of Latin American countries that have already approved its use, such as Bolivia or Argentina, pending authorization from the Brazilian drug agency, as reported yesterday by the agency in charge of the Russian vaccine Sputnik V through its Twitter account.
In the Argentina, Santiago Cafiero, the chief of staff, assured last Friday that 107,542 people have already been vaccinated since the beginning of the Strategic Plan for Vaccination against Covid-19, on December 29 last. In addition, the data presented was reported by the Ministry of Health of the Nation, which assured that “the jurisdictions reported the application of 107,542 of the 300,000 distributed doses of the Sputnik V vaccine.”
In Serbia, the immunization process with the Sputnik V vaccine began on January 6, and that same day the government announced that two million more doses will soon arrive in the country. The first inoculated were the president of the parliament, Ivica Dacic; the Minister of the Interior, Aleksandar Vulin; the Secretary of State in the Ministry of Health, Mirsad Djerlek, and then scientific personalities.
The country had begun vaccination with the formula of Pfizer / BioNTech December 24 in nursing homes.
On the other hand, Guinea began immunizing its citizens against the coronavirus with Sputnik V on an experimental basis on December 31, applying the first dose to government officials.
This country of 13 million people ordered only 55 doses of the Russian vaccine, said Dr. Sakoba Keita, director general of the National Health Security Agency, as reported by AP. However, they have already requested two million more doses from Russia to help the most vulnerable in the country.
Meanwhile, Algeria became the day before yesterday first African country to authorize the use of the Russian vaccine, Sputnik V. The country expects to begin mass vaccination in January, according to the Algerian ministry.
How many vaccines have already been given in the world?
The World Health Organization (WHO) stated on Wednesday that a total of 28 million doses of covid-19 vaccines have been injected so far in the world, mostly in rich countries.
Of the 46 countries that started vaccination campaigns, 38 are high-income countriessaid the organization’s emergency director, Michael Ryan. “Only one country is low-income,” he said.
“To date, some 28 million doses have been administered. Five different types of vaccines or platforms have been used,” he explained in an online conversation with journalists.
“There are populations that want and need vaccines, but they will not receive them unless we distribute them better“, he warned.
The new coronavirus killed more than 1.96 million people Since the beginning of the pandemic, in China in December 2019, and more than 91.5 million cases have been registered, according to an AFP balance, which, however, may be lower than reality due to different methodologies and problems of registries in the different countries.
The current situation, with strong outbreaks in Europe and U.S, is the consequence “of what happened in previous weeks”, with the Christmas holidays, explained Maria Van Kerkhove, head of the WHO covid-19 program.
Mexico joins the countries that go for the Russian vaccine
The president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, said this Tuesday that His government plans to purchase 24 million doses of the Russian vaccine against the coronavirus Sputnik V, once the local sanitary regulator authorizes its emergency use.
“By the time approve we have the possibility of acquiring 24 million doses, as it is a vaccine that requires two applications, we would have to vaccinate 12 million people soon, “said the president in his usual morning conference.
Russia authorized Sputnik V last August becoming the first country in the world to approve a vaccine against covid-19, prompting international criticism as it was considered a premature announcement, before the tests of phase 3 and the publication of scientific results.
Mexican authorities could not access information about the drug and there were “concerns” about its safety and efficacy, since only the results of the phase 2 clinical trial were published, acknowledged the Undersecretary of Health, Hugo López-Gatell.
The official traveled to Argentina, a country that has already started vaccination with Sputnik V, to learn about the experience of its authorities, which provided the technical and scientific file, as well as the results of phase 3, which are close to being published, he added.
“It is a vaccine that has a capacity and a efficacy similar to other vaccines that have been authorized and we return with that news to make decisions, “said López-Gatell.
The file has been reviewed since the weekend by the local health regulator, Cofepris, which will decide on its emergency use “very soon,” he anticipated.
For this tuesday too The arrival of the first batch of the vaccine developed by the British laboratory AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford, which is produced in Argentina, is expected and what will be packed by the Liomont laboratory, based in the central Mexico state. “We will begin to have this vaccine for use in March,” added López-Gatell.
The Mexican government also announced the start of a new stage of its vaccination plan with the arrival of 439,725 more doses of the product developed by Pfizer-BioNTech, which will be distributed to hospitals across the country to immunize medical personnel who directly care for Covid-19 patients from Wednesday.
Mexico, with 128 million inhabitants, adds 134,368 deaths -the fourth most mourning country in the world- and 1.54 million accumulated cases of the new coronavirus.