Angry at the latest measures, the UIA put new conditions on the salary cuts. And the CGT looks attentively at the trucker’s steps.
The parities, the shadow of Moyano and the moratorium complicated the renovation of the suspensions between the UIA and the CGT. The idea of both entities was to extend by August and September the understanding that since April allows the express approval of salary reduction agreements of up to 25%. But unresolved differences led to postpone the talks for next week and they opened a new chapter of a saga that they follow with attention in the Government, where they believe that these measures are key to contain the labor crisis and also the union conflict.
Annoyed by the extension until September of the prohibition of layoffs and the sanction of the Telework Law, the industrialists now condition the pact with the workers central to the settlement of non-remunerative sums in salary negotiations. In this way, they seek to limit the impact of the increases that have been frozen since March. The other request is that trade unionists support their claim for a tax cut -as they did with the Argentine Business Association (AEA) – in the midst of the ongoing debate on moratorium and bankruptcy projects in Congress.
The demands of the manufacturing plant thus added a extra pressure on the union leadership, headed by Héctor Daer and Carlos Acula. Since the signing of the agreement in April, the leadership has been questioned by the hardest sectors and the Association of Labor Lawyers. Pablo Moyano accused them this week in statements to iProfessional of being the ones “they encourage wage cuts and labor reform“after Daer’s criticism of the Truckers’ blockades to Mercado Libre, which could return next week. Azopardo’s leadership also warns that the UIA’s requests depend on the government’s wink.
One of the main obstacles is to overcome the resistance of the Ministry of Labor and the AFIP to the incorporation of non-remunerative amounts into joint ventures. In a case, by authorization of a criterion that may be subject to legal claims for affecting the comprehensiveness of income. AND, on the other, by the loss of income to the treasury as a result of non-payment of the corresponding social charges, in moments of sharp drop in collection. The CGT petty table and the UIA board of directors will meet separately on Tuesday to adopt a definition.
The UIA tightened with the CGT after the extension of the prohibition of layoffs and the enactment of the Telework Law.
Once the quarantine started, the Government prohibited the layoffs and at the same time enabled the payment of non-remunerative allowances for suspensions through the article 223 bis. In this framework, the pact of domes in force since April and renewed until July became one of the central pillars of the labor emergency scheme and was institutionalized by the labor portfolio with the automatic authorization of the agreements between companies and unions to pay a non-remunerative benefit of 75% of net income during the suspension, excluding workers with licenses or under the teleworking modality.
Already defined the extension of Phase 3 of the quarantine, the government’s idea is that they be renewed the wage cuts due to lack of tasks, a situation in which more than 1.8 million workers would be, according to calculations by the CGT. The Minister of Labor, Claudio Moroni, believes that this measure prevented the loss of 285,000 jobs registered in April and May, according to AFIP data. “As long as the restriction to go to work and quarantine continue, the idea is that the suspensions continue, especially in Capital and Amba,” sources in the labor portfolio confirmed to iProfesional.
Such a framework would allow setting a pattern in the negotiations. But in the Casa Rosada they also know it is not enough with good intentions. After the signs of distancing expressed by the union leadership, the Executive tried to approach the workers central in the last days. He did this by adding Daer to a conference with the President and SME chambers. And by releasing $ 1.8 billion in cool funds to social works to face expensive treatments in the pandemic. The measure benefited gastronomy, commerce, health, private teachers, metallurgists, truckers, metal mechanics and bus drivers, among others.
More pay cuts are coming
Although the UIA represents only the industry, the agreement is key to other activities where they wait for a signal to extend their own agreements in force until the end of July and thus not be “off side”. By case, the Metallurgical Workers Union (UOM) already defined with the five cameras of the activity renew licenses for another four months with the payment of 70% of the gross salary, equivalent to 86% of net income -according to the union- and a saving of 37% in employer charges. They were going to sign it this week but they will continue talking next week in parallel to the summits planned in the factory center and the workers confederation.
The organization secretary, Abel Furlán, and a delegation of metallurgical businessmen took away this Tuesday the wink of the secretary of Industry, Ariel Schale, during a meeting in which they presented a document with 21 points made together. There, they propose credits for the sector, tax benefits and incentives for the consumption of bins manufactured in the country and the extension of suspensions for 120 days. What there is still no agreement on is the parity, frozen since April and subject to strong pressure from both sides of the table.
The guild led by Antonio Caló asked in the last hours an extraordinary “on account” bonus of the joint companies to bring calm to the divisional divisions of La Matanza, Quilmes, Santa Fe and Córdoba, which are pressing for an increase. In those sectors they believe that the rise should be 40% to raise the basic from the current $ 28,000 to $ 40,000. But the union faces other challenges: the group Techint informed them that it will pay 50% of the salary suspension (instead of the current 80% of the basic) or could lay off up to 1,500 workers, a measure that he already applied in March and by which the President accused Paolo Rocca of “miserable”.
In Commerce, they also closely follow the talks between the manufacturing plant and its counterpart. Together with the UOM, the Armando guild Cavalieri was one of the first to subscribe a suspension agreement. In that case, it was 25% discount, but the agreement expired in May. On the other hand, the unionist faces internal claims for the wage freeze since April. In response, last week it announced the payment of a bonus of between $ 5,000 and $ 6,000 in supermarkets and wholesalers, but so far only Carrefour delivered it. The advertising cinema sector, on the other hand, extended the labor waiver in July and August in the last hours.
Lthe negotiations They also advance in Aerolineas Argentinas. The flag line agreed this Thursday with the crew (AAA) the extension for August and September of the suspensions, with 100% payment of the net remuneration. There is still an agreement to be reached with the majority of the nucleated unions in the Aeronautical Federation (FAPA), made up of pilots (APLA), technicians (APTA) and ground personnel (APA). The understanding implies the extension of the licenses agreed in June and July of 4,000 of the 12,000 employees in the framework of the sharp drop in revenue of the state airline.
Find out the latest on digital economy, startups, fintech, corporate innovation and blockchain. CLICK HERE