In Yemen, the separatists announced Wednesday, July 29, to give up their autonomy in the south of the country and said they were ready to implement a peace agreement.
The Southern Transition Council (STC) “Announces that he is renouncing his declaration of autonomy” in order to allow the Riyadh accord to be put in place, STC spokesman Nizar Haitham wrote on Twitter.
Yemeni President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi, exiled in Saudi Arabia, urged the separatists at the end of June to “End the bloodshed” and abide by a power-sharing agreement, when he spoke for the first time since their declaration of autonomy in April.
War within war
The conflict between the government and the STC separatists, in principle allies against the Houthi rebels, represents a war within the war in Yemen.
The so-called “Riyadh” accord was signed in November 2019 and provides for a power-sharing in southern Yemen between the government and separatists. But its provisions were hardly put in place and quickly fell into disuse.
At the end of June, the Riyadh-led military coalition in Yemen deployed Saudi observers to monitor a ceasefire between pro-government forces, it supports, and separatist fighters, after clashes in the south.
This war within war has made even more complex a conflict which, in five years, has claimed tens of thousands of lives and caused, according to the United Nations, the worst humanitarian crisis in the world in a country that is the poorest in the Arabian Peninsula.