In mid-January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) indicated that outbreaks of COVID-19 worldwide were considered a “Public health emergency of international scope”So the medical institutions began their input calculations or medical personnel and health strategies to deal with the disease.
The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) for its part, speculated that approximately 96 thousand compatriots could develop a serious case due to contagion of the virus classified as SARS-CoV-2, which will require admission to intensive care.
Given such a panorama, it was calculated that 4,156 respiratory ventilators may be sufficient to deal with the medical emergency that is yet to come.
In addition, it started from a figure that considers a case fatality rate of approximately 2.19%, which means that 21 thousand Mexicans will lose their lives, according to the news site Latin Us; however, the current case fatality rate in Mexico is 8%, four times higher.
In a letter dated February 12, the Directorate of Medical Benefits informed the director of administration of the IMSS, José Antonio Olivarez Godínez, the inputs required for the strategic reserve necessary to care for 64 million 152 thousand 465 registered beneficiaries until then.
The Institute’s estimate took into account for its input list a virus contagion rate of 1.5% to the rightful population, which means that there will be little more than 962 thousand 286 infected people.
The calculations also indicate that 70% of the affected population will demand medical attention in its different units with a hospitalization rate of 5% (5 days minimum), an admission rate to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of 10% (10 days minimum) and a case fatality rate of 2.19%.
Among the requests stand out maximum 17 million 929 thousand 331 gloves and the same amount of goggles; 15,664,334 N95 masks; 11,470,461 mouth masks, 18,495,156 disposable caps and gowns; 33,680 oxygen delivery catheters, disposable masks for oxygen administration, closed suction systems and nebulizer masks, among others.
Of the current equipment in stock, they assured, it will be used 4,156 life support fans as well as 5,854 vital sign monitors, 5,027 Triage monitors, 2,331 red cars and 13,128 pulse oximeters.
Lastly, they required supplies for hand hygiene such as antiseptic hand gel formulated with a base of 70% ethyl or isopropyl alcohol; as well as antiseptic solution, liquid and surgical soap, paper towels in packages of 5,000, disinfectant, among other things.
After 69 days of making the prior request, Mexico has established a trade bridge of medical supplies with China, country where SARS-CoV-2 was born and passed.
Through planes specially prepared for the mission, a total of 379 thousand N95 masks and 30 thousand surgical masks (on a first flight), as well as 11,522 boxes with 875 thousand surgical masks and 82 thousand KN95 masks (on a second flight); 192,400 face shields (on a third flight) especially for the IMSS and 3 million surgical masks and 50 thousand goggles (on a fourth flight).
The Mexican Foreign Minister, Marcelo Ebrard, assured that a fifth plane could arrive in Mexico in the next few days with a load of 200 fans for the most serious cases of COVID-19. In addition, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador asked the US government for a total of 1,000 fans that could arrive at the end of the month.
Purchases from the neighboring country could be expanded, as the Mexican government revealed that There is no sales restriction of any kind for our nation.